Obesity Surgery – An Efficient Functioning Aspect Of Recent Scientific Research
Obesity Surgery is required in a patient that has developed increases fat in the body leading to an adverse effect on the health. The loss in weight is achieved by decreasing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or by the removal of a portion of the stomach or by connecting the small intestine to a tiny stomach pouch.
The U.S. National Institutes of Health talks about bariatric surgery for bulky people with a body mass index (BMI) of at least 40, and for people with BMI of at least 35 and medical conditions like diabetes. However, according to recent research bariatric surgery is generally appropriate for those patients with a BMI of 35 to 40 and no comorbidities. The recent ASMBS guidelines tell the position statement for BMI as an indicator for bariatric surgery. The latest guidelines suggest that any person with a BMI of more than 30 and with comorbidities is ready for bariatric surgery.
Various Surgical Procedures
Predominantly Malabsorptive Surgical Procedure
In predominantly malabsorptive procedures, although they also reduce stomach size, the main feature of this procedure is for creating a physiological condition of malabsorption.
This complicated operation is called biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) or the Scopinaro procedure. The real form of this procedure is at present rarely performed because of the problems of malnourishment. It has been again created by a modification called duodenal switch (BPD/DS). Part of the stomach is reduced, making a smaller stomach. The distal section of the small intestine is connected to a pouch, bypassing the duodenum and jejunum.
In about 2% of the patients, there is a lot of malabsorption as well as a nutritional deficiency that needs restoration of normal absorption. The malabsorptive result of BPD is so criteria that the people who undergo such a procedure must take vitamins and dietary minerals beyond the normal population. Without the supplements, there could be a risk of extreme deficiency diseases like anemia and osteoporosis.
Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass
A common method of gastric bypass surgery is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, constructed to minimize the amount of intake of a person by cutting a part of the stomach. Gastric bypass is an effective procedure that enables patients to change the way the stomach and the small intestine work on the food which is eaten to achieve and keep weight loss focus.
One of the factors for the success of any bariatric surgery is a strict post-surgical following towards a healthy eating pattern. Complications in weight loss surgery are very RARE. Observing the complications of Obesity surgery, the patient must visit the best specialists like Dr. Venu Gopal Pareek at any time. This would reduce the risk factors involved with the surgery and lead to a speedy recovery.