Thyroid Surgery – An Overview Of Its Significance And Effectiveness

Thyroid Surgery helps to treat thyroid nodules, cancer and hyperthyroidism. In this procedure, a part or the whole thyroid gland is generally removed. Advance cases in thyroid cancer detection have saved considerable lives, but they possess a real serious drawback: Some of the cancers are over diagnosed. This can lead to the unnecessary treatment of the tumors that would never have shown a threat if not diagnosed.

Active Surveillance Of Thyroid Cancer Is Beneficial

An early diagnosis of thyroid cancer enables the patient to maintain his quality of life, thus avoiding the risk factors involved in surgery and hormone replacement. Generally active surveillance before any thyroid surgery requires an ultrasound test after six months. If there is no cancer development for 2 years, the ultrasound tests are spaced out to 9-12 months.

What Are The Symptoms Of Thyroid?

A good thyroid surgeon or a specialist will first check out these symptoms before going ahead with the procedures. • One of the symptoms is weight gain wherein the females have lot of problems in shedding the excess weight due to an underactive thyroid. • A fast heart rate is experienced in case of a thyroid problem. This symptom could last for weeks and even months in cases with advanced thyroid dysfunction. • In case of thyroid imbalance the mind concentration of the patient could be scattered. • A thyroid dysfunction could lower the body temperature and lead to anxiety. • People having thyroid problem could suffer from skin diseases like acne and eczema. • Hypothroidism could be the cause of bowel problems in various cases. • An imbalanced thyroid could lead to fatigue. Methods Of Thyroid Treatment • Total thyroidectomy. The surgeon will clear the entire gland and lymph nodes around the gland. Both sections of the thyroid gland are removed. If the patient has thyroid cancer, additional treatments with the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression as well as radioactive iodine are considered as the best options to remove the thyroid completely. • Thyroid lobectomy with or without an isthmectomy. If the thyroid nodules are located in one lobe, the surgeon will remove only that lobe (lobectomy). In case of an isthmectomy, the narrow band of tissue (isthmus) which connects the two lobes is removed. After the surgery is completed, the patient’s nodule will be examined in a microscope to observe if there are cancer cells. If the cancer cells are there, the surgeon could perform a complete thyroidectomy. • Subtotal (near-total) thyroidectomy. The surgeon will remove one complete lobe, the isthmus, and part of the other lobe. This is utilized for hyperthyroidism created by Graves’ disease. There could be many risks involved with thyroid surgery, but if a good specialist is consulted, the risk factor gets reduced. Some people having low calcium levels may require calcium supplements. All these questions and more could be answered by Dr. Venu Gopal Pareek with excellent diagnosis and results of recovery.